Expected costs represent the estimation of, for example, a purchased itemís cost that you record before you receive the invoice for the item.

You can post expected cost to inventory and to the general ledger. When you post a quantity that is only received or shipped but not invoiced, then a value entry is created with the expected cost. This expected cost affects the inventory value, but is not posted to the general ledger unless you set up the system up to do so.

Note
Expected costs are only managed for item transactions. Expected costs are not for immaterial transaction types, such as capacity and item charges.

If only the quantity part of an inventory increase has been posted, then the inventory value in the general ledger does not change unless you have selected the Expected Cost Posting to G/L check box in the Inventory Setup window. In that case, the expected cost is posted to interim accounts at the time of receipt. After the receipt has been fully invoiced, the interim accounts are then balanced and the actual cost is posted to the inventory account.

To support reconciliation and traceability work, the invoiced value entry shows the expected cost amount that has been posted to balance the interim accounts.

Example

The following example shows expected cost if the Automatic Cost Posting check box and the Expected Cost Posting to G/L check box are selected in the Inventory Setup window.

You post a purchase order as received. The expected cost is LCY 95.00.

Value Entries

Posting Date Entry Type Cost Amount (Expected) Expected Cost Posted to G/L Expected Cost Item Ledger Entry No. Entry No.

01-01-20

Direct Cost

95.00

95.00

Yes

1

1

Relation Entries in the G/L - Item Ledger Relation Table

G/L Entry No. Value Entry No. G/L Register No.

1

1

1

2

1

1

General Ledger Entries

Posting Date G/L Account Account No. (En-US Demo) Amount Entry No.

01-01-20

Inventory Accrual Account (Interim)

5530

-95.00

2

01-01-20

Inventory Account (Interim)

2131

95.00

1

At a later date, you post the purchase order as invoiced. The invoiced cost is LCY 100.00.

Value Entries

Posting Date Cost Amount (Actual) Cost Amount (Expected) Cost Posted to G/L Expected Cost Item Ledger Entry No. Entry No.

01-15-20

100.00

-95.00

100.00

No

1

2

Relation Entries in the G/L - Item Ledger Relation Table

G/L Entry No. Value Entry No. G/L Register No.

3

2

2

4

2

2

5

2

2

6

2

2

General Ledger Entries

Posting Date G/L Account Account No. (En-US Demo) Amount Entry No.

01-15-20

Inventory Accrual Account (Interim)

5530

95.00

4

01-15-20

Inventory Account (Interim)

2131

-95.00

3

01-15-20

Direct Cost Applied Account

7291

-100

6

01-15-20

Inventory Account

2130

100

5

See Also